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Second harmonic generation in atomically thin MoTe2

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posted on 2023-11-30, 05:46 authored by Yu Song, Ruijuan Tian, Jiulong Yang, Rui Yin, Jianlin Zhao, Xuetao Gan
We have studied on optical second harmonic generations (SHGs) from atomically thin MoTe2 flakes with 2H and 1T' phases. From 2H-MoTe2 samples with odd (even) numbers of layers, strong (negligible) SHGs are observed due to the layer-dependent broken inversion symmetry. When pumped by a telecom-band laser, SHG from a monolayer 2H-MoTe2 is about one order of magnitude stronger than that from a monolayer WS2; an extremely high second-order nonlinear susceptibility of 2.5 nm/V is estimated, presenting the highest value among those reported in two-dimensional materials. SHG measurements in MoTe2 are also demonstrated as an efficient way to distinguish the 2H-to-1T' phase transition. Comparing to the SHG in 2H-MoTe2, 1T'-MoTe2's SHG has much lower efficiency and the polarization dependence is changed from six-fold to two-lobe pattern.

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