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Seeing Topological Order and Band Inversion in Optical Diatomic Chain

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posted on 2023-11-30, 06:17 authored by Jun Jiang, Zhiwei Guo, Weiwei Zhu, Yang Long, Haitao Jiang, Jie Ren, Hong Chen
Recent realizations of exotic topological states in condensed matter and cold atoms have advanced the exploration for topological characteristics, such as invariant topological orders and band inversion. Here we construct a 1D optical diatomic system made of split ring resonators with electric-magnetic couplings to implement the topological features. We experimentally measure the dispersion relationship and sub-lattice pseudo-spin vectors by detecting field strength distributions, which determines the accompanying winding number of bulk band as the topological order. The sub-lattice pseudo-spin vector inversion observed at band-edges evidences the band inversion. We further reconfirm the band-inversion-induced topological phase transition by measuring the symmetry exchanges at band-edges. These results have shown the great potential of split ring resonator platform to experimentally explore the advanced topological characteristics, such as high winding numbers or even high Chern numbers in more exotic setups.

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