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Self-focusing of multiple interacting Laguerre-Gauss beams in Kerr media
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 18:36 authored by Lucas Sá, Jorge Vieira
Using a variational approach, we obtain the self-focusing critical power for a single and for any number of interacting Laguerre-Gauss beams propagating in a Kerr nonlinear optical medium. As is known, the critical power for freely propagating higher-order modes is always greater than that of the fundamental Gaussian mode. Here, we generalize that result for an arbitrary incoherent superposition of Laguerre-Gauss beams, adding interactions between them. This leads to a vast and rich spectrum of self-focusing phenomena, which is absent in the single-beam case. Specifically, we find that interactions between different modes may increase or decrease the required critical power relative to the sum of individual powers. In particular, high-orbital angular momentum modes can be focused with less power in the presence of low-orbital angular momentum beams than when propagating alone. The decrease in required critical power can be made arbitrarily large by choosing the appropriate combinations of modes. Besides, in the presence of interactions, an equilibrium configuration of stationary spot-size for all modes in a superposition may not even exist, a fundamental difference to the single-beam case in which a critical power for self-focusing always exists.