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Self-suppressed quantum diffusion and fundamental noise limit of soliton microcombs
preprintposted on 2023-11-15, 17:00 authored by Xing Jin, Zhe Lv, Qihuang Gong, Qi-Fan Yang
Quantum diffusion of soliton microcombs has long been recognized as their fundamental noise limit. Here we surpass such limit by utilizing dispersive wave dynamics in multimode microresonators. Through the recoil force provided by these dispersive waves, the quantum diffusion can be suppressed to a much lower level that forms the ultimate fundamental noise limit of soliton microcombs. Our findings enable coherence engineering of soliton microcombs in the quantum-limited regime, providing critical guidelines for using soliton microcombs to synthesize ultralow-noise microwave and optical signals.