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Semiconductor laser mode locking stabilization with optical feedback from a silicon PIC
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 06:42 authored by Johannes Hauck, Andrea Zazzi, Alexandre Garreau, François Lelarge, Alvaro Moscoso-Mártir, Florian Merget, Jeremy Witzens
Semiconductor mode-locked lasers can be used in a variety of applications ranging from multi-carrier sources for WDM communication systems to time base references for metrology. Their packaging in compact chip- or module-level systems remains however burdened by their strong sensitivity to back-reflections, quickly destroying the coherence of the mode-locking. Here, we investigate the stabilization of mode-locked lasers directly edge coupled to a silicon photonic integrated circuit, with the objective of moving isolators downstream to the output of the photonic circuit. A 2.77 kHz 3 dB RF linewidth, substantially improved compared to the 15.01 kHz of the free running laser, is obtained in the best case. Even in presence of detrimental reflections from the photonic circuit, substantial linewidth reductions from 20 kHz to 8.82 kHz, from 572 kHz to 14.8 kHz, and from 1.5 MHz to 40 kHz are realized.