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Significance of the Longitudinal Component of Paraxial Light in Position-dependent Selection Rules for Quadrupole Atomic Transitions
preprintposted on 2023-11-06, 10:05 authored by Abdullah Alharbi, Andreas Lyras, Vassilis Lembessis
It is well established that the longitudinal component of paraxial optical vortices has a key role in specific atomic quadrupole transitions near the beam axis when the spin and orbital angular momenta are antiparallel. By deriving analytical expressions for the position-dependent selection rules, this work shows that the significant role of the longitudinal fields is not limited to this case, but rather is a more general feature for any paraxial light including, for example, optical vortices with parallel spin and orbital angular momenta as well as Guassian beams. Numerically, the transition rates induced by the weaker longitudinal component can be twice as high as those by the stronger transverse component. We also show that there are transitions that can be induced exclusively by the longitudinal component for light carrying two quanta of orbital angular momentum. Although these transitions are relatively weak, they are experimentally delectable near the phase singularity even for beams whose polarization is not perfectly pure.