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Simultaneous phase and amplitude aberration sensing with a liquid-crystal vector-Zernike phase mask

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posted on 2023-11-29, 05:07 authored by David S. Doelman, Fedde Fagginger Auer, Michael J. Escuti, Frans Snik
We present an enhanced version of the Zernike wavefront sensor, that simultaneously measures phase and amplitude aberrations. The 'vector-Zernike' wavefront sensor consists of a patterned liquid-crystal mask, which imposes $\pm \pi/2$ phase on the point spread function core through the achromatic geometric phase acting with opposite sign on opposite circular polarizations. After splitting circular polarization, the ensuing pupil intensity images are used to reconstruct the phase and the amplitude of the incoming wavefront. We demonstrate reconstruction of the complex wavefront with monochromatic lab measurements and show in simulation the high accuracy and sensitivity over a bandwidth up to $100\%$

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