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Single-photon circularly polarized single-mode vortex beams

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posted on 2023-05-17, 16:01 authored by Xujing Liu, Yinhui Kan, Shailesh Kumar, Danylo Komisar, Changying Zhao, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi
Generation of single photons carrying spin and orbital angular momenta (SAM and OAM) opens enticing perspectives for exploiting multiple degrees of freedom for high-dimensional quantum systems. However, on-chip generation of single photons encoded with single-mode SAM-OAM states has been a major challenge. Here, by utilizing carefully designed anisotropic nanodimers fabricated atop a substrate, supporting surface plasmon polariton (SPP) propagation, and accurately positioned around a quantum emitter (QE), we enable nonradiative QE-SPP coupling and the SPP outcoupling into free-space propagating radiation featuring the designed SAM and OAM. We demonstrate on-chip room-temperature generation of well-collimated (divergence < 7.5 degrees) circularly polarized (chirality > 0.97) single-mode vortex beams with different topological charges (l = 0, 1, and 2) and high single-photon purity, g(0) < 0.15. The developed approach can straightforwardly be extended to produce multiple, differently polarized, single-mode single-photon radiation channels, and enable thereby realization of high-dimensional quantum sources for advanced quantum photonic technologies.

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