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# Space-Time Scattering Network for Electromagnetic Inverse Design and Tomography

preprint

posted on 2023-11-29, 05:06 authored by Travis Hamilton, Hooman MohseniMaxwell equations generally explain the propagation of light through an arbitrary medium by using wave mechanics. However, scientific evidence since Newton suggest a discrete interpretation of light more generally explains its nature. This interpretation lends itself well to the discrete form of computer simulation. While current simulations attempt to discretize Maxwell equations, we present an inherently discrete physical model of light propagation that naturally forms a causal space-time scattering network (STSN). STSN has the topology of neural networks, inverse design and tomography based on STSN can be readily implemented in a variety of software and hardware that are optimized for deep learning. Also, STSN inherently includes the physics of light propagation, and hence the number of unknown weights in STSN is at a minimum. We show this property leads to orders of magnitude smaller number of unknown weights, and a much faster convergence, compared with inverse design methods using conventional neural networks. In addition, the intrinsic presence of space-time fabric in STSN allows time-dependent inverse design and tomography. We show examples of the fast convergence of STSN in predicting time-dependent index profiles while avoiding approximations typically used.