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Space-Time Surface Plasmon Polaritons: A New Propagation-Invariant Surface Wave Packet
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 19:32 authored by Kenneth L. Schepler, Murat Yessenov, Yertay Zhiyenbayev, Ayman F. Abouraddy
We introduce the unique class of propagation-invariant surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) representing pulsed surface wave packets propagating along unpatterned metal-dielectric interfaces and are localized in all dimensions - with potentially subwavelength transverse spatial widths. The characteristic features of such linear diffraction-free, dispersion-free `plasmonic bullets' stem from tight spatio-temporal correlations incorporated into the SPP spectral support domain, and we thus call them `space-time' SPPs. We show that the group velocity of space-time SPP wave packets can be readily tuned to subluminal, superluminal, and even negative values by tailoring the spatio-temporal field structure independently of any material properties. We present an analytical framework and numerical simulations for the propagation of space-time SPPs in comparison with traditional pulsed SPPs whose spatial and temporal degrees of freedom are separable, thereby verifying the propagation-invariance of the former.