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Sparse deep computer-generated holography for optical microscopy

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posted on 2023-01-12, 14:33 authored by Alex Liu, Yi Xue, Laura Waller
Computer-generated holography (CGH) has broad applications such as direct-view display, virtual and augmented reality, as well as optical microscopy. CGH usually utilizes a spatial light modulator that displays a computer-generated phase mask, modulating the phase of coherent light in order to generate customized patterns. The algorithm that computes the phase mask is the core of CGH and is usually tailored to meet different applications. CGH for optical microscopy usually requires 3D accessibility (i.e., generating overlapping patterns along the $z$-axis) and micron-scale spatial precision. Here, we propose a CGH algorithm using an unsupervised generative model designed for optical microscopy to synthesize 3D selected illumination. The algorithm, named sparse deep CGH, is able to generate sparsely distributed points in a large 3D volume with higher contrast than conventional CGH algorithms.

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