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Spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort vector pulses

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posted on 2023-01-11, 21:55 authored by Apostolos Zdagkas, Venkatram Nalla, Nikitas Papasimakis, Nikolay I. Zheludev
Ultrafast vectorially polarized pulses have found many applications in information and energy transfer owing mainly to the presence of strong longitudinal components and their space-polarization non-separability. Due to their broad spectrum, such pulses often exhibit space-time couplings, which significantly affect the pulse propagation dynamics leading to reduced energy density or utilized to create new effects like a rotating or sliding wavefront at focus. Here, we present a new method for the spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort cylindrical vector pulses based on a combination of spatially resolved Fourier transform spectroscopy and Mach-Zehnder interferometry. The method provides access to spatially resolved spectral amplitudes and phases of all polarization components of the pulse. We demonstrate the capabilities of the method by completely characterizing a $10$~fs radially polarized pulse from a Ti:sapphire laser at $800$~nm.



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