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Spatiotemporal light-beam compression from nonlinear mode coupling
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 17:38 authored by Katarzyna Krupa, Alessandro Tonello, Vincent Couderc, Alain Barthélémy, Guy Millot, Daniele Modotto, Stefan Wabnitz
We experimentally demonstrate simultaneous spatial and temporal compression in the propagation of light pulses in multimode nonlinear optical fibers. We reveal that the spatial beam self-cleaning recently discovered in graded-index multimode fibers is accompanied by significant temporal reshaping and up to four-fold shortening of the injected sub-nanosecond laser pulses. Since the nonlinear coupling among the modes strongly depends on the instantaneous power, we explore the entire range of the nonlinear dynamics with a single optical pulse, where the optical power is continuously varied across the pulse profile.