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Spectral Emission Properties of a Nitrogen-doped Diamond(001) Photocathode: Hot Electron Transport and Transverse Momentum Filtering
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 03:32 authored by Louis A. Angeloni, Sergey V. Baryshev, Matthias Muehle, W. Andreas Schroeder
The electron emission properties of a single-crystal nitrogen-doped diamond(001) photocathode inserted in a 10kV DC photoelectron gun are determined using a tunable (235-410nm) ultraviolet laser radiation source for photoemission from both the back nitrogen-doped substrate face and the front homo-epitaxially grown and undoped diamond crystal face. The measured spectral trends of the mean transverse energy (MTE) and quantum efficiency (QE) of the emitted electrons are both anomalous and non-monotonic, but are shown to be consistent with (i) the known physics of electron photoexcitation from the nitrogen substitution states into the conduction bands of diamond, (ii) the energy position and dispersion characteristics of the conduction bands of diamond in the (001) emission direction, (iii) the effective electron affinity of the crystal faces, (iv) the strong electron-(optical)phonon coupling in diamond, and (v) the associated hot electron transport dynamics under energy equipartition with the optical phonons. Notably, the observed hot electron emission is shown to be restricted parallel to the photocathode surface by the low transverse effective masses of the emitting band states - a transverse momentum filtering effect.