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Static-to-dynamic field conversion with time-varying media
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 13:38 authored by Mario Junior Mencagli, Dimitrios L. Sounas, Mathias Fink, Nader Engheta
In this Letter, we theoretically demonstrate that a uniform static electric field distribution can be partially converted to radiation fields when a portion of the medium undergoes a temporal change of its permittivity. An in-depth theoretical investigation of this phenomenon is developed for a dielectric block with a step-like temporal change located inside a waveguide charged with a DC voltage source. Closed analytical expressions are derived for the radiated electric and magnetic fields. The exchange of energy between the electrostatic and electromagnetic fields is discussed. The reconciliation between the seemingly contradictory temporal and spatial boundary conditions for the electric and magnetic fields at the interface of the time-varying dielectric block is analyzed and elucidated. Our findings may provide an alternative solution for generating electromagnetic radiation based on time-varying media.