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Steering of beam trajectory by distorted photonic crystals

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posted on 2023-01-12, 14:12 authored by Kanji Nanjyo, Hitoshi Kitagawa, Daniel Headland, Masayuki Fujita, Kyoko Kitamura
Electromagnetic waves follow linear paths in homogenous index media, with the exception of band edges. In this study, we introduced spatially distorted photonic crystals (D-PCs) that are capable of beam-steering light waves, even when a homogeneous refractive index is maintained. We analyzed their equifrequency contours to investigate the correspondence between the direction of distortion and the direction of the group velocity vector in the D-PC. Thereafter, we experimentally verified the beam-steering phenomenon in the terahertz range using an all-silicon D-PC. Our structures serve as on-chip beam trajectory control without the need for any specially-engineered materials, using only lattice distortion.

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