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Strong Purcell enhancement of an optical magnetic dipole transition

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posted on 2023-07-08, 16:00 authored by Sebastian P. Horvath, Christopher M. Phenicie, Salim Ourari, Mehmet T. Uysal, Songtao Chen, Łukasz Dusanowski, Mouktik Raha, Paul Stevenson, Adam T. Turflinger, Robert J. Cava, Nathalie P. de Leon, Jeff D. Thompson
Engineering the local density of states with nanophotonic structures is a powerful tool to control light-matter interactions via the Purcell effect. At optical frequencies, control over the electric field density of states is typically used to couple to and manipulate electric dipole transitions. However, it is also possible to engineer the magnetic density of states to control magnetic dipole transitions. In this work, we experimentally demonstrate the optical magnetic Purcell effect using a single rare earth ion coupled to a nanophotonic cavity. We engineer a new single photon emitter, Er$^{3+}$ in MgO, where the electric dipole decay rate is strongly suppressed by the cubic site symmetry, giving rise to a nearly pure magnetic dipole optical transition. This allows the unambiguous determination of a magnetic Purcell factor $P_m=1040 \pm 30$. We further extend this technique to realize a magnetic dipole spin-photon interface, performing optical spin initialization and readout of a single Er$^{3+}$ electron spin. This work demonstrates the fundamental equivalence of electric and magnetic density of states engineering, and provides a new tool for controlling light-matter interactions for a broader class of emitters.



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