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Sub-Terahertz Nearfields for Electron-Pulse Compression
preprintposted on 2023-06-07, 16:03 authored by Yarden Mazor, Ofer Kfir
The advent of ultrafast science with pulsed electron beams raised the need in controlling the temporal features of the electron pulses. One promising suggestion is the nano-selective quantum optics with multi-electrons, which scales quadratically with the number of electrons within the coherence time of the quantum system. Terahertz (THz) radiation from optical nonlinear crystals is an attractive methodology to generate the rapidly varying electric fields necessary for electron compression, with an advantage of an inherent temporal locking to laser-triggered electrons, such as in untrafast electron microscopes. Longer (picosecond-) pulses require sub-THz field for their compression, however, the generation of such low frequencies require pumping with energetic optical pulses and their focusability is fundamentally limited by their mm-wavelength. This work proposes electron-pulse compression with sub-THz fields directly in the vicinity of their dipolar origin, thereby avoiding mediation through radiation. We analyze the merits of nearfields for compression of slow electrons particularly in challenging regimes for THz radiation, such as small numerical apertures, micro-joule-level optical pump pulses, and low frequencies. This sheme can be implemented within the tight constraints of electron microscopes and reach fiels of a few kV/cm below 0.1 THz at high repetition rates. Our paradigm offers a realistic approach for controlling electron pulses spatially and temporally in many experiments, opening the path of flexible multi-electron manipulation for analytic and quantum sciences.