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Subwavelength grating metamaterial waveguides and ring resonators on a silicon nitride platform

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posted on 2023-01-10, 02:50 authored by Cameron M. Naraine, Jocelyn N. Westwood-Bachman, Cameron Horvath, Mirwais Aktary, Andrew P. Knights, Jens H. Schmid, Pavel Cheben, Jonathan D. B. Bradley
We propose and demonstrate subwavelength grating (SWG) metamaterial waveguides and ring resonators on a silicon nitride platform for the first time. The SWG waveguide is engineered such that a large overlap of 53% of the Bloch mode with the top cladding material is achieved, demonstrating excellent potential for applications in evanescent field sensing and light amplification. The devices, which have critical dimensions greater than 100 nm, are fabricated using a commercial rapid turn-around silicon nitride prototyping foundry process using electron beam lithography. Experimental characterization of the fabricated device reveals excellent ring resonator internal quality factor (2.11x10^5) and low propagation loss (~1.5 dB/cm) in the C-band, a significant improvement of both parameters compared to silicon based SWG ring resonators. These results demonstrate the promising prospects of SWG metamaterial structures for silicon nitride based photonic integrated circuits.

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