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Super-Resolution imaging of plasmonic Near-fields: Overcoming Emitter Mislocalizations
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 14:16 authored by Yuting Miao, Robert C. Boutelle, Anastasia Blake, Vigneshwaran Chandrasekaran, Jennifer Hollingsworth, Shimon Weiss
Plasmonic nano-objects have shown great potential in enhancing biological and chemical sensing, light harvesting and energy transfer, and optical and quantum computing to name a few. Therefore, an extensive effort has been vested in optimizing plasmonic systems and exploiting their field enhancement properties. Super-resolution imaging with quantum dots (QDs) is a promising method to probe plasmonic near-fields, but is hindered by the distortion of the emission intensity and radiation pattern. Here we investigate the interaction between QDs and 'L-shaped' gold nanoantennas, and demonstrate both theoretically and experimentally that this strong interaction can induce polarization-dependent modifications to the apparent QD emission intensity, polarization and localization. Based on FDTD simulations and polarization-modulated single-molecule microscopy, we show that the displacement of the emitter's localization is due to the interference between the emitter and the induced dipole and can be up to 100 nm. We also discovered that the emission polarization can rotate towards the symmetry axis or one arm of the L-shape because of the scattering. Our results could assist in paving a pathway for higher precision plasmonic near-field mapping and its underlying applications.