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Super-compact universal quantum logic gates with inversedesigned elements
preprintposted on 2023-09-13, 16:00 authored by Lu He, Dongning Liu, Jingxing Gao, Weixuan Zhang, Huizhen Zhang, Xue Feng, Yidong Huang, Kaiyu Cui, Fang Liu, Wei Zhang, Xiangdong Zhang
Integrated quantum photonic circuit is a promising platform for the realization of quantum information processing in the future. To achieve the largescale quantum photonic circuits, the applied quantum logic gates should be as small as possible for the high-density integration on chips. Here, we report the implementation of super-compact universal quantum logic gates on silicon chips by the method of inverse design. In particular, the fabricated controlled-NOT gate and Hadamard gate are both nearly a vacuum wavelength, being the smallest optical quantum gates reported up to now. We further design the quantum circuit by cascading these fundamental gates to perform arbitrary quantum processing, where the corresponding size is about several orders smaller than that of previous quantum photonic circuits. Our study paves the way for the realization of largescale quantum photonic chips with integrated sources, and can possess important applications in the field of quantum information processes.