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Superradiation, Superdirectivity and Efficiency Boosting in Coherently Driven Antennas

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posted on 2023-11-30, 18:56 authored by Jian Wen Choong, Alex Krasnok
Antennas, i.e., elements transforming localized or waveguide modes into freely propagating fields and vice versa, are vital components for wireless technologies across the entire spectrum of electromagnetic waves, including microwaves and optics. Although optical antennas are usually fed by either a single source or many sources incoherently, recent studies demonstrate an ability of resonant nanostructures to cause the synchronization of quantum source spontaneous emission, i.e., Dicke superradiance effect. What remains poorly explored is how the coherent excitation can affect antenna performance: its multipole composition, directivity, efficiency, and Purcell effect. In this paper, we investigate an antenna excited by two coherent sources and demonstrate that this approach can boost antenna performance. To make the discussion independent of the frequency range, we restrict the consideration by all-dielectric antennas, which attract significant interest in both microwaves and optics. We explore that coherent excitation of a dielectric antenna by two dipole sources makes it feasible to control the multipoles resulting in boosted superradiance and enhanced directivity. Interestingly, it makes possible excitation of nonradiative field configuration, anapole state, and turning it on and off on demand. Remarkably, this approach also allows reducing the quenching effect and enhancing the radiation efficiency without changing the antenna geometry. We design a dielectric subwavelength coherently driven antenna operating in both superdirective and superradiative regimes simultaneously with the total enhancement factor over 2000.

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