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Superresolution Limits from Measurement Crosstalk

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posted on 2023-11-30, 19:41 authored by Manuel Gessner, Claude Fabre, Nicolas Treps
Superresolution techniques based on intensity measurements after a spatial mode decomposition can overcome the precision of diffraction-limited direct imaging. However, realistic measurement devices always introduce finite crosstalk in any such mode decomposition. Here, we show that any nonzero crosstalk leads to a breakdown of superresolution when the number $N$ of detected photons is large. Combining statistical and analytical tools, we obtain the scaling of the precision limits for weak, generic crosstalk from a device-independent model as a function of the crosstalk probability and $N$. The scaling of the smallest distance that can be distinguished from noise changes from $N^{-1/2}$ for an ideal measurement to $N^{-1/4}$ in the presence of crosstalk.

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