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Supersensitive estimation of the coupling rate in cavity optomechanics with an impurity-doped Bose-Einstein condensate

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posted on 2023-11-30, 06:45 authored by Qing-Shou Tan, Ji-Bing Yuan, Jie-Qiao Liao, Le-Man Kuang
We propose a scheme to implement a supersensitive estimation of the coupling strength in a hybrid optomechanical system which consists of a cavity-Bose-Einstein condensate system coupled to an impurity. This method can dramatically improve the estimation precision even when the involved photon number is small. The quantum Fisher information indicates that the Heisenberg scale sensitivity of the coupling rate could be obtained when the photon loss rate is smaller than the corresponding critical value in the input of either coherent state or squeezed state. The critical photon decay rate for the coherent state is larger than that of the squeezed state, and the coherent state input case is more robust against the photon loss than the squeezed state case. We also present the measurement scheme which can saturate the quantum Cram\'er-Rao bound.

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