arXiv.svg (5.58 kB)
Download file

Surface polariton excitation and energy losses by a charged particle in cylindrical waveguides

Download (5.58 kB)
posted on 2023-03-11, 17:01 authored by A. A. Saharian, L. Sh. Grigoryan, A. S. Kotanjyan, H. F. Khachatryan
We investigate the emission of surface polaritons (SPs) by a charged particle moving inside a dielectric cylinder parallel to its axis. It is assumed that the cylinder is immersed into a homogeneous medium with negative dielectric permittivity in the spectral range under consideration (active medium). The expressions for scalar and vector potentials and for electromagnetic field strengths are provided inside and outside the cylinder. Those fields are expressed in terms of the SP eigenmodes of the waveguide and we give detailed analysis for their properties. The SP energy fluxes through the plane perpendicular to the cylinder axis are evaluated in the interior and exterior media. The energy flux is directed towards the charge motion inside the cylinder and towards the opposite direction in the exterior region. The relativistic effects may essentially increase the radiated energy. Important features of relativistic effects include the possibility of essential increase of the radiated energy, the narrowing the confinement region of the SP fields near the cylinder surface in the exterior region, enlarging the frequency range for radiated SPs, and the decrease of the cutoff factor for radiation at small wavelengths compared with the waveguide radius. The general results are specified for the Drude dispersion in the exterior medium. By using the Green tensor we also evaluate the total energy losses of the charged particle for general case of the interior and exterior dielectric functions. The corresponding results are compared with those previously discussed in the literature. The numerical data are presented in terms of scale invariant quantities that allows to clarify the features of the SP radiation for different values of the waveguide radius.



This arXiv metadata record was not reviewed or approved by, nor does it necessarily express or reflect the policies or opinions of, arXiv.

Usage metrics