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Suspended photonic crystal membranes in AlGaAs heterostructures for integrated multi-element optomechanics
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 19:43 authored by Sushanth Kini Manjeshwar, Karim Elkhouly, Jamie M. Fitzgerald, Martin Ekman, Yanchao Zhang, Fan Zhang, Shu Min Wang, Philippe Tassin, Witlef Wieczorek
We present high-reflectivity mechanical resonators fabricated from AlGaAs heterostructures for use in free-space optical cavities operating in the telecom wavelength regime. The mechanical resonators are fabricated in slabs of GaAs and patterned with a photonic crystal to increase their out-of-plane reflectivity. Characterization of the mechanical modes reveals residual tensile stress in the GaAs device layer. This stress results in higher mechanical frequencies than in unstressed GaAs and can be used for strain engineering of mechanical dissipation. Simultaneously, we find that the finite waist of the incident optical beam leads to a dip in the reflectance spectrum. This feature originates from coupling to a guided resonance of the photonic crystal, an effect that must be taken into account when designing slabs of finite size. The single- and sub-$\upmu$m-spaced double-layer slabs demonstrated here can be directly fabricated on top of a distributed Bragg reflector mirror in the same material platform. Such a platform opens a route for realizing integrated multi-element cavity optomechanical devices and optomechanical microcavities on chip.