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Symmetrical Anisotropy Enables Dynamic Diffraction Control in Photonics

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posted on 2023-03-18, 16:00 authored by Hicham Mangach, Youssef El Badri, Abdenbi Bouzid Younes Achaoui, Shuwen Zeng
Despite the steady advancements in nanofabrication made over the past decade that had prompted a plethora of intriguing applications across various fields, achieving compatibility between miniaturized photonic devices and electronic dimensions remains unachievable due to the inherent diffraction limit of photonic devices. Several approaches have emerged to overcome the diffraction restriction and leverage the spatial information carried by the evanescent waves. Negative dielectric permittivity materials can be utilized to build photonic crystals (PhCs) based on surface plasmon-polaritons. This approach, however, is known to be exceedingly dissipative, leading to significant optical losses for photonic components. Herein, we report an approach based on the anisotropic scaling of the shapes of PhCs to impede the diffraction barrier and enable a tunable diffraction limit. This approach opens up avenues for high-frequency wave guiding in cermet configuration, which was previously unachievable. Furthermore, asymmetric and symmetric dimer network-type PhCs were explored, with the asymmetric case demonstrating a quasi-bound state in the continuum with a quality factor of up to 41000.



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