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Synthetic aperture holographic third harmonic generation microscopy
preprintposted on 2024-02-08, 17:00 authored by Yusef Farah, Gabe Murray, Jeff Field, Maxine Xiu, Lang Wang, Olivier Pinaud, Randy Bartels
Third harmonic generation (THG) provides a valuable, label-free approach to imaging biological systems. To date, THG microscopy has been performed using point scanning methods that rely on intensity measurements lacking phase information of the complex field. We report the first demonstration of THG holographic microscopy and the reconstruction of the complex THG signal field with spatial synthetic aperture imaging. Phase distortions arising from measurement-to-measurement fluctuations and imaging components cause optical aberrations in the reconstructed THG field. We have developed an aberration-correction algorithm that estimates and corrects for these phase distortions to reconstruct the spatial synthetic aperture THG field without optical aberrations.