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Terahertz Field-Induced Reemergence of Quenched Photoluminescence in Quantum Dots

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Version 2 2023-06-08, 12:51
Version 1 2023-01-12, 14:42
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posted on 2023-06-08, 12:51 authored by Jiaojian Shi, Frank Y. Gao, Zhuquan Zhang, Hendrik Utzat, Ulugbek Barotov, Ardavan Farahvash, Jinchi Han, Jude Deschamps, Chan-Wook Baik, Kyung Sang Cho, Vladimir Bulović, Adam P. Willard, Edoardo Baldini, Nuh Gedik, Moungi G. Bawendi, Keith A. Nelson
Continuous and concerted development of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes over the past two decades has established them as a bedrock technology for the next generation of displays. However, a fundamental issue that limits the performance of these devices is the quenching of photoluminescence due to excess charges from conductive charge transport layers. Although device designs have leveraged various workarounds, doing so often comes at the cost of limiting efficient charge injection. Here we demonstrate that high-field terahertz (THz) pulses can dramatically brighten quenched QDs on metallic surfaces, an effect which persists for minutes after THz irradiation. This phenomenon is attributed to the ability of the THz field to remove excess charges, thereby reducing trion and non-radiative Auger recombination. Our findings show that THz technologies can be used to suppress and control such undesired non-radiative decay, potentially in a variety of luminescent materials for future device applications.

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