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The Effect of Non-Gaussian Noise on Auto-correlative Weak-value Amplification

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posted on 2023-01-10, 02:52 authored by Jing-Hui Huang, J. S. Lundeen, Adetunmise C. Dada, Kyle M. Jordan, Guang-Jun Wang, Xue-Ying Duan, Xiang-Yun Hu
Accurate knowledge of the spectral features of noise and their influence on open quantum systems is fundamental for quantitative understanding and prediction of the dynamics in a realistic environment. For the weak measurements of two-level systems, the weak value obtained from experiments will inevitably be affected by the noise of the environment. Following our earlier work on the technique of the auto-correlative weak-value amplification (AWVA) approach under a Gaussian noise environment, here we study the effect of non-Gaussian noise on the AWVA technique.In particular, two types of noise with a negative-dB signal-to-noise ratio, frequency-stationary noises and frequency-nonstationary noises are studied. The various frequency-stationary noises, including low-frequency (1/f) noises, medium-frequency noises, and high-frequency noises, are generated in Simulink by translating the Gaussian white noise with different band-pass filters. While impulsive noise is studied as an example of frequency-non stationary noises. Our simulated results demonstrate that 1/f noises and impulsive noises have greater disturbance on the AWVA measurements. In addition, adding one kind of frequency-stationary noise, clamping the detected signals, and dominating the measurement range may {have} the potential to improve the precision of the AWVA technique with both a smaller deviation of the mean value and a smaller error bar in the presence of many hostile non-Gaussian noises.



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