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The Prevailing Role of Hotspots in Plasmon-Enhanced Sum-Frequency Generation Spectroscopy
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 19:09 authored by Laetitia Dalstein, Christophe Humbert, Maroua Ben Haddada, Souhir Boujday, Grégory Barbillon, Bertrand Busson
The plasmonic amplification of non-linear vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy (SFG) at the surfaces of gold nanoparticles is systematically investigated by tuning the incident visible wavelength. The SFG spectra of dodecanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles chemically deposited on silicon are recorded for twenty visible wavelengths. The vibrational intensities of thiol methyl stretches extracted from the experimental measurements vary with the visible color of the SFG process and show amplification by coupling to plasmonics. Since the enhancement is maximal in the orange-red region rather than in the green, as expected from the dipolar model for surface plasmon resonances, it is attributed mostly to hotspots created in particle multimers, in spite of their low surface densities.