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The anisotropic photorefractive effect in lithium sulfo-phosphate glass system doped with nickel ions

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posted on 2023-01-10, 02:55 authored by A. Siva Sesha Reddy, A. V. Kityk, J. Jedryka, N. Purnachand, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, A. S. Andrushchak, V. Ravi Kumar, N. Veeraiah
In this work, nonlinear optical (NLO) studies of nickel oxide doped (ranging from 0.2 to 1.0 mol%) Li2SO4-MgO-P2O5 glasses are reported. A combination of femtosecond (fs) laser, as a pumping light source and a high-accuracy polarimeter with low power probing laser, is used to investigate the light-induced optical anisotropy (OA) in these glass materials. The light-induced birefringence (LIB) exhibits slow relaxation tendency up to about 10 s suggesting on anisotropic photorefractive effect evidently dominated fast Kerr effect. This behavior is evaluated in the light of other results reported recently and is explained by the glass polymerization mechanisms. The photorefractive birefringence increases with increase of the quantity of NiO up to 0.8 mol% and it is attributed to the enhanced degree of depolymerization of the glass network due to the hike in the concentration of Ni2+ ions that occupy octahedral (Oh) positions. Further increase of NiO content (>0.8 mol%) causes, however, a certain decrease of the photorefractive birefringence. Notable change in concentration trend is interpreted by rising of phonon losses due to increasing portion of the nickel ions occupying tetrahedral (Th) sites that facilitates the polymerization of the glass network. The doped glasses with the NiO content of about 0.8 mol% may be considered as optimal in the sense of photorefractive efficiency. Relevant samples exhibit largest magnitudes of the photorefractive birefringence and appear to be favorable for potential applications.



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