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# The electric and magnetic disordered Maxwell equations as eigenvalue problem

preprint

posted on 2023-02-14, 23:40 authored by Walter Schirmacher, Thomas Franosch, Marco Leonetti, Giancarlo RuoccoWe consider Maxwell's equations in a 3-dimensional material, in which both, the electric permittivity, as well as the magnetic permeability, fluctuate in space. Differently from all previous treatments of the disordered electromagnetic problem, we transform Maxwell's equations and the electric and magnetic fields in such a way that the linear operator in the resulting secular equations is manifestly Hermitian, in order to deal with a proper eigenvalue problem. As an application of our general formalism, we use an appropriate version of the Coherent-Potential approximation (CPA) to calculate the photon density of states and scattering-mean-free path. Applying standard localization theory, we find that in the presence of both electric and magnetic disorder the spectral range of Anderson localization appears to be much larger than in the case of electric (or magnetic) disorder only. Our result could explain the absence of experimental evidence of 3D Anderson localization of light (all the existing experiments has been performed with electric disorder only) and pave the way towards a successful search of this, up to now, elusive phenomenon.