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Three-Dimensional Virtual Histology in Unprocessed Resected Tissues with Photoacoustic Remote Sensing (PARS) Microscopy and Optical Coherence Tomography

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posted on 2023-01-11, 22:09 authored by Benjamin R. Ecclestone, Zohreh Hosseinaee, Nima Abbasi, Kevan Bell, Deepak Dinakaran, John Mackey, Parsin Haji Reza
Histological images are critical in the diagnosis and treatment of cancers. Unfortunately, the current method for capturing these microscopy images require resource intensive tissue preparation that delays diagnosis for many days to a few weeks. To streamline this process, clinicians are limited to assessing small macroscopically representative subsets of tissues. Here, we present a combined photoacoustic remote sensing (PARS) microscope and swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system designed to circumvent these diagnostic limitations. The proposed multimodal microscope provides label-free three-dimensional depth resolved virtual histology visualizations, capturing nuclear and extranuclear tissue morphology directly on thick unprocessed specimens. The capabilities of the proposed method are demonstrated directly in unprocessed formalin fixed resected tissues. Here, we present the first images of nuclear contrast in resected human tissues, and the first 3-dimensional visualization of subsurface nuclear morphology in resected Rattus tissues, captured with a non-contact photoacoustic system. Moreover, we present the first co-registered OCT and PARS images enabling direct histological assessment of unprocessed tissues. This work represents a vital step towards the development of a real-time histological imaging modality to circumvent the limitations of current histopathology techniques.

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