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Three Phase Spectral Interferometry (3PSI) for recording high dynamic range optical waveforms with <1 ps resolution over >2 ns records applied to closed-loop pulse shaping

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posted on 2024-05-06, 06:59 authored by Ryan Muir, Daniel Mittelberger, John Heebner
We demonstrate a novel spectral interferometry technique that simultaneously captures three spectral interferograms of a signal waveform with a reference pulse. The measured performance is robust to nonidealities and ambient drifts by implementing a precisely calibrated 3x3 Polarization Maintaining (PM) splitter that provides three phase shift differences nominally spaced 120° apart. The system can achieve long record length by implementing three, high-resolution, Virtually Imaged Phase Array (VIPA) spectrometers. Here, we experimentally implement this technique and demonstrate the measurement of waveforms with >2 ns of record while maintaining <1 ps resolution.

History

Funder Name

U.S. Department of Energy (DE-AC52-07NA27344); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LDRD 21-ERD-034)

Preprint ID

112688