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Time-Stretch Probing of Ultrafast Soliton Molecule Dynamics
preprintposted on 2023-11-30, 05:04 authored by Shuqian Sun, Zhixing Lin, Wei Li, Ninghua Zhu, Ming Li
Soliton molecules are the manifestation of attractive and repulsive interaction between optical pulses mediated by a nonlinear medium. However, the formation and breakup of soliton molecules are difficult to observe due to the transient nature of the process. Using the time stretch technique, we have been able to track the real-time evolution of the bound state formation in a femtosecond fiber laser and unveil different evolution paths towards a stable bound state. A non-stationary Q-switched mode-locking regime consisting of various transient solitons is observed in this transition period. We also observe additional dynamics including soliton molecule vibrations, collision and decay. Our findings uncover a diverse set of soliton dynamics in an optical nonlinear system and provide valuable data for further theoretical studies.