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Topological Monomodes in non-Hermitian Systems
preprintposted on 2023-06-29, 16:00 authored by E. Slootman, W. Cherifi, L. Eek, R. Arouca, E. J. Bergholtz, M. Bourennane, C. Morais Smith
Topological monomodes have been for long as elusive as magnetic monopoles. The latter was experimentally shown to emerge in effective descriptions of condensed-matter systems, while the experimental exploration of the former has largely been hindered by the complexity of the conceived setups. Here, we present a remarkably simple model and the experimental observation of topological monomodes generated dynamically. By focusing on non-Hermitian one-dimensional (1D) and 2D Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) models, we theoretically unveil the minimal configuration to realize a topological monomode upon engineering losses and breaking of lattice symmetries. Furthermore, we classify the systems in terms of the (non-Hermitian) symmetries that are present and calculate the corresponding topological invariants. To corroborate the theory, we present experiments in photonic lattices, in which a monomode is observed in the non-Hermitian 1D and 2D SSH models, thus breaking the paradigm that topological corner states should appear in pairs. Our findings might have profound implications for photonics and quantum optics because topological monomodes increase the robustness of corner states by preventing recombination.