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Topological Ring-Cavity Laser Formed by Honeycomb Photonic Crystals

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posted on 2023-11-30, 18:32 authored by Xiao-Chen Sun, Xiao Hu
We clarify theoretically that the topological ring-cavity (TRC) modes propagating along the interface between two honeycomb-type photonic crystals distinct in topology can be exploited for achieving stable single-mode lasing, with the maximal intensity larger than a whispering-gallery-mode counterpart by order of magnitude. Especially, we show that the TRC modes located at the bulk bandgap center benefit maximally from the gain profile since they are most concentrated and uniform along the ring cavity, and that, inheriting from the Dirac-like dispersion of topological interface states, they are separated in frequency from each other and from other photonic modes, both favoring intrinsically single-mode lasing. A TRC mode running in a specific direction with desired orbital angular momentum can be stimulated selectively by injecting circularly polarized light. The TRC laser proposed in the present work can be fabricated by means of advanced semiconductor nanotechnologies, which generates chiral laser beams ideal for novel photonic functions.

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