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Topological valley crystals in a photonic Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) variant

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posted on 2023-01-10, 02:45 authored by Z. Yu, H. Lin, R. Zhou, Z. Li, Z. Mao, K. Peng, Y. Liu, X. Shi
Progress on two-dimensional materials has shown that valleys, as energy extrema in a hexagonal first Brillouin zone, provides a new degree of freedom for information manipulation. Then valley Hall topological insulators supporting such-polarized edge states on boundaries were set up accordingly. In this paper, a two-dimensional valley photonic crystal composed of six tunable dielectric triangular pillars in unit cells is proposed in the photonic sense of a deformed Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model. We reveal the vortex nature of valley states and establish the selection rules for valley polarized states. Based on the valley topology, a rhombus-shaped beam splitter waveguide is designed to verify the valley-chirality selection above. Our numerical results entail that this topologically protected edge states still maintain robust transmission at sharp corners, henceforth providing a feasible idea for valley photonic devices in THz regime.



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