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Towards the Quantum Limits of Phase Retrieval

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posted on 2024-07-10, 16:00 authored by Jacob Trzaska, Amit Ashok
We consider the problem of determining the spatial phase profile of a single-mode electromagnetic field. Our attention is on input states that are a statistical mixture of displaced and squeezed number states, a superset of Gaussian states. In particular, we derive the quantum Fisher information matrix (QFIM) for estimating the expansion coefficients of the wavefront in an orthonormal basis, finding that it is diagonal. Moreover, we show that a measurement saturating the QFIM always exists, and point to an adaptive strategy capable of implementing it. We then construct the optimal measurements for three particular states: mixtures of photon number, coherent, and single-mode squeezed vacuum states. Sensitivity of the measurements to nuisance parameters is explored.

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