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Transmission Electron Microscopy at the Quantum Limit
preprintposted on 2023-01-12, 14:56 authored by Stewart A. Koppell, Yonatan Israel, Adam J. Bowman, Brannon B. Klopfer, Mark A. Kasevich
A number of visions for a new generation of dose-efficient electron microscopes have been advanced. These proposals, while inspired by quantum principles, make little contact with the broader field of quantum metrology. We discuss a framework calculating the amount of information carried by each electron. This makes it possible to evaluate the potential effectiveness of any particular microscope architecture relative to the quantum limit for information per dose. In the case of phase imaging, we argue this limit is at least an order of magnitude beyond what is possible with aberration-free Zernike phase contrast.