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Transverse Shifts and Time Delays of Spatiotemporal Vortex Pulses Reflected and Refracted at a Planar Interface

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posted on 2023-01-10, 02:19 authored by Maxim Mazanov, Danica Sugic, Miguel A. Alonso, Franco Nori, Konstantin Y. Bliokh
Transverse (Hall-effect) and Goos--H\"{a}nchen shifts of light beams reflected/refracted at planar interfaces are important wave phenomena, which can be significantly modified and enhanced by the presence of intrinsic orbital angular momentum (OAM) in the beam. Recently, optical spatiotemporal vortex pulses (STVPs) carrying a purely transverse intrinsic OAM were predicted theoretically and generated experimentally. Here we consider the reflection and refraction of such pulses at a planar isotropic interface. We find theoretically and confirm numerically novel types of the OAM-dependent transverse and longitudinal pulse shifts. Remarkably, the longitudinal shifts can be regarded as time delays, which appear, in contrast to the well-known Wigner time delay, without temporal dispersion of the reflection/refraction coefficients. Such time delays allow one to realize OAM-controlled slow (subluminal) and fast (superluminal) pulse propagation without medium dispersion. These results can have important implications in various problems involving scattering of localized vortex states carrying transverse OAM.

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