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Trapped-mode excitation in all-dielectric metamaterials with loss and gain
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 02:36 authored by Anton V. Hlushchenko, Denis V. Novitsky, Vladimir R. Tuz
Non-Hermitian photonics based on combining loss and gain media within a single optical system provides a number of approaches to control and generate the flow of light. In this paper, we show that by introducing non-Hermitian perturbation into the system with loss and gain constituents, the high-quality resonances known as trapped modes can be excited without the need to change the symmetry of the unit cell geometry. To demonstrate this idea, we consider a widely used all-dielectric planar metamaterial whose unit cell consists of a pair of rectangular nanoantennas made of ordinal (with loss) and doped (with gain) silicon. Since the quality factor of the trapped-mode resonance can be controlled by changing both spatial symmetry and non-Hermiticity, varying loss and gain allows us to compensate for the influence of asymmetry and restore the quality factor of the localized mode. The results obtained suggest new ways to achieve high-quality resonances in non-Hermitian metamaterials promising for many practical applications in nanophotonics.