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Tunable mid-infrared generation via wide-band four wave mixing in silicon nitride waveguides

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posted on 2023-11-30, 06:01 authored by Abijith Kowligy, Daniel Hickstein, Alex Lind, David Carlson, Henry Timmers, Nima Nader, Daniel Maser, Daron Westly, Kartik Srinivasan, Scott Papp, Scott Diddams
We experimentally demonstrate wide-band (>100 THz) frequency down-conversion of near-infrared (NIR) femtosecond-scale pulses from an Er:fiber laser to the mid-infrared (MIR) using four-wave-mixing (FWM) in photonic-chip silicon-nitride waveguides. The engineered dispersion in the nanophotonic geometry, along with the wide transparency range of silicon nitride, enables large-detuning FWM phase-matching and results in tunable MIR from 2.6-3.6 um on a single chip with 100-pJ-scale pump-pulse energies. Additionally, we observe > 20 dB broadband parametric gain for the NIR pulses when the FWM process is operated in a frequency up-conversion configuration. Our results demonstrate how integrated photonic circuits could realize multiple nonlinear optical phenomena on the same chip and lead to engineered synthesis of broadband, tunable, and coherent light across the NIR and MIR wavelength bands from fiber-based pumps.

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