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Two Dimensional Electromagnetic Scattering form Dielectric Objects using Qubit Lattice Algorithm

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posted on 2023-01-10, 02:22 authored by G. Vahala, M. Soe, L. Vahala, A. K. Ram
A qubit lattice algorithm (QLA) is developed for Maxwell equations in a two-dimensional Cartesian geometry. In particular, the initial value problem of electromagnetic pulse scattering off a localized 2D dielectric object is considered. A matrix formulation of the Maxwell equations, using the Riemann-Silberstein-Weber vectors, forms a basis for the QLA and a possible unitary representation. The electromagnetic fields are discretized using a 16-qubit representation at each grid point. The discretized QLA equations reproduce Maxwell equations to second order in an appropriate expansion parameter $\epsilon$. The properties of scattered waves depend on the scale length of the transition layer separating the vacuum from the core of the dielectric. The time evolution of the fields gives interesting physical insight into scattering when propagating fields are excited within the dielectric medium. Furthermore, simulations show that the QLA recovers Maxwell equations even when $\epsilon \sim 1$.

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