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Ultra-compact synthesis of space-time wave packets

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posted on 2023-01-10, 03:35 authored by Murat Yessenov, Oussama Mhibik, Lam Mach, Tina M. Hayward, Rajesh Menon, Leonid Glebov, Ivan Divliansky, Ayman F. Abouraddy
Space-time wave packets (STWPs) are pulsed fields in which a strictly prescribed association between the spatial and temporal frequencies yields surprising and useful behavior. However, STWPs to date have been synthesized using bulky free-space optical systems that require precise alignment. We describe a compact system that makes use of a novel optical component: a chirped volume Bragg grating that is rotated by 45 degrees with respect to the plane-parallel device facets. By virtue of this grating's unique structure, cascaded gratings resolve and recombine the spectrum without free-space propagation or collimation. We produce STWPs by placing a phase plate that spatially modulates the resolved spectrum between such cascaded gratings, with a device volume of 25x25x8 mm3, which is orders of magnitude smaller than previous arrangements.

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