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Ultrafast Emergence of Ferromagnetism in Antiferromagnetic FeRh in High Magnetic Fields

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posted on 2023-06-08, 12:52 authored by I. A. Dolgikh, T. G. H. Blank, G. Li, K. H. Prabhakara, S. K. K. Patel, A. G. Buzdakov, R. Medapalli, E. E. Fullerton, O. V. Koplak, J. H. Mentink, K. A. Zvezdin, A. K. Zvezdin, P. C. M. Christianen, A. V. Kimel
Ultrafast heating of FeRh by a femtosecond laser pulse launches a magneto-structural phase transition from an antiferromagnetic to a ferromagnetic state. Aiming to reveal the ultrafast kinetics of this transition, we studied magnetization dynamics with the help of the magneto-optical Kerr effect in a broad range of temperatures (from 4 K to 400 K) and magnetic fields (up to 25 T). Three different types of ultrafast magnetization dynamics were observed and, using a numerically calculated H-T phase diagram, the differences were explained by different initial states of FeRh corresponding to a (i) collinear antiferromagnetic, (ii) canted antiferromagnetic and (iii) ferromagnetic alignment of spins. We argue that ultrafast heating of FeRh in the canted antiferromagnetic phase launches practically the fastest possible emergence of magnetization in this material. The magnetization emerges on a time scale of 3 ps, which corresponds to the earlier reported time-scale of the structural changes during the phase transition.



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