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Ultrafast dephasing in solid state high harmonic generation: macroscopic origin revealed by real-space dynamics
preprintposted on 2023-10-29, 16:00 authored by Graham G. Brown, Álvaro Jiménez-Galán, Rui E. F. Silva, Misha Ivanov
Using a fully real-space perspective on high harmonic generation (HHG) in solids, we examine the relationship between microscopic response, macroscopic propagation of this response to the far field, and the extremely short dephasing times routinely used in the theoretical simulations of experimentally measured solid-state HHG spectra. We find that far field propagation naturally reduces the contribution to the observed HHG emission from electrons that do not return to the lattice site where they have been injected into the conduction band. We then show that extremely short dephasing times routinely used in microscopic simulations suppress many electron trajectories that contribute to the far-field spectra, leading to significant distortions of the true high harmonic response. We show that a real-space based dephasing mechanism, which preferentially suppresses trajectories which veer too far away from their original lattice site, yield HHG spectra that faithfully retain those trajectories that contribute to the far-field spectra while filtering out those which do not, already at the microscopic level. Our findings emphasize the similarities between atomic and solid-state HHG by highlighting the importance of the intensity-dependent phase of HHG emission and address the longstanding issue regarding the origin of extremely short dephasing times in solid-state HHG.