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Ultrafast laser welding of silicon
preprintposted on 2023-01-10, 03:13 authored by Maxime Chambonneau, Qingfeng Li, Markus Blothe, Stefan Nolte
While ultrafast laser welding is an appealing technique for bonding transparent workpieces, it is not applicable for joining silicon samples due to nonlinear propagation effects which dramatically diminishes the possible energy deposition at the interface. We demonstrate that these limitations can be circumvented by local absorption enhancement at the interface thanks to metallic nanolayer deposition. By combining the resulting exalted absorption with filament relocation during ultrafast laser irradiation, silicon samples can be efficiently joined. Shear joining strengths >4 MPa are obtained for 21-nm gold nanolayers without laser-induced alteration of the transmittance. Such remarkable strength values hold promises for applications in microelectronics, optics, and astronomy.