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Ultrasensitive optical magnetometry at the microscale

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posted on 2023-01-11, 22:30 authored by Stefan Forstner, Eoin Sheridan, Joachim Knittel, Christopher L. Humphreys, George A. Brawley, Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Warwick P. Bowen
Recent advances in optical magnetometry have achieved record sensitivity at both macro- and nano-scale. Combined with high bandwidth and non-cryogenic operation, this has enabled many applications. By comparison, microscale optical magnetometers have been constrained to sensitivities five orders-of-magnitude worse than the state-of-the-art. Here, we report an ambient optical micro-magnetometer operating for the first time in the picoTesla range, a more than three order-of-magnitude advance on previous results. Unlike other ultrasensitive optical magnetometers, the device operates at earth field, achieves tens of MHz bandwidth, and is integrated and fiber coupled. Combined with 60 micrometer spatial resolution and microWatt optical power requirements, these unique capabilities open up a broad range of applications including cryogen-free and microfluidic magnetic resonance imaging, and electromagnetic interference-free investigation of spin physics in condensed matter systems such as semiconductors and ultracold atom clouds



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